- Rokitskaya T.I., Arutyunyan A.M., Khailova L.S., Kataeva A.D., Firsov A.M., Kotova E.A. & Antonenko Y.N.
- International Journal of Molecular Sciences
- 23(24): 16203 [7 p.]
Usnic acid (UA), a unique lichen metabolite, is a protonophoric uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation, widely known as a weight-loss dietary supplement. In contrast to conventional proton-shuttling mitochondrial uncouplers, UA was found to carry protons across lipid membranes via the induction of an electrogenic proton exchange for calcium or magnesium cations. Here, we evaluated the ability of various divalent metal cations to stimulate a proton transport through both planar and vesicular bilayer lipid membranes by measuring the transmembrane electrical current and fluorescence-detected pH gradient dissipation in pyranine-loaded liposomes, respectively. Thus, we obtained the following selectivity series of calcium, magnesium, zinc, manganese and copper cations: Zn2+ > Mn2+ > Mg2+ > Ca2+ >> Cu2+. Remarkably, Cu2+ appeared to suppress the UA-mediated proton transport in both lipid membrane systems. The data on the divalent metal cation/proton exchange were supported by circular dichroism spectroscopy of UA in the presence of the corresponding cations.
Keywords: usnic acid; bilayer lipid membrane; mitochondrial uncoupler; protonophore; divalent metal cation/proton exchange; circular dichroism.
- Monday, 19 December 2022 21:43