Page 3630 of 3644 Results 36291 - 36300 of 36434
Id/Author/Year/TitleOrder by:  Year  Id  Author  Title
36215
Zhang W., Ran Q., Li H. & Lou H. (2024): Endolichenic fungi: a promising medicinal microbial resource to discover bioactive natural molecules—an update - Journal of Fungi, 10(2): 99 [49 p.]

Lichens are some of the most unique fungi and are naturally encountered as symbiotic biological organisms that usually consist of fungal partners (mycobionts) and photosynthetic organisms (green algae and cyanobacteria). Due to their distinctive growth environments, including hot deserts, rocky coasts, Arctic tundra, toxic slag piles, etc., they produce a variety of biologically meaningful and structurally novel secondary metabolites to resist external environmental stresses. The endofungi that live … URL EndNote PDF Read more... 

36283
Herring B. (2024): Status survey of the federally endangered Perforate Reindeer Lichen (Cladonia perforata) throughout its known range in Florida - Castanea, 88(2): 241–279

A range wide status survey of the perforate reindeer lichen (Cladonia perforata) was performed by revisiting known extant and historical sites and searching for new populations. Size of each popula- tion was determined and the extent of invasive plant species in the vicinity of Cladonia perforata was also documented. The data was used to update the global and state NatureServe conservation status rank of this species and provide the current information to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service … URL EndNote Read more... 

36284
Shamblin Z. & Puppo P. (2024): Developing a 3D digitization protocol at the Marshall University Herbarium using free, open-source 3D reconstruction software - Castanea, 88(2): 191–204

Herbarium specimen digitization and transcription initiatives have led to revitalized use of plant collections making them more accessible than ever. Most digitization is done by producing 2D images of herbarium sheets; however, herbaria also include 3D collections such as fungi, mosses, and dry fruits, among others. Here we present a 3D digitization protocol developed at the Marshall University Herbarium (MUHW) using free photogrammetry software. We tested four freely available software applications, … URL EndNote Read more... 

35808
Cicardi M., Bernasconi D., Martire L., Pastero L., Caneva G. & Favero-Longo S.E. (2024): Centimetric circular areas uncolonized by microbial biofilms (CUMBs) on marble surfaces and insights on a lichen-related origin - International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, 186: 105681 [13 p.]

This study investigated the poorly known phenomenon of Centimetric circular areas Uncolonized by Microbial Biofilms (CUMBs) which is frequently observed on natural and heritage stone surfaces displaying widespread lithobiontic colonization. In order to unveil a possible relationship with past lichen colonization, analyses were carried out on the distribution, morphometry, physical and mineralogical properties, and microscopic features of CUMBs on the marble surfaces of a balustrade in the Garden … URL EndNote Read more... 

35912
Nirhamo A., Hämäläinen A., Hämäläinen K. & Kouki J. (2024): The response of epiphytic lichens on living and dead Pinus sylvestris to prescribed fires of varying severity - Forest Ecology and Management, 551: 121558 [9 p.]

Prescribed burning can be used to restore forest ecosystems degraded by anthropogenic pressures. However, some species such as epiphytic lichens may be vulnerable to fire. We studied the effects of fire on epiphytic lichens on living and dead Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine) by surveying lichens up to two meters on the trunks 21 years after experimental and replicated prescribed burnings in pine-dominated boreal forests in Finland. We investigated three types of stands that had faced different levels … URL EndNote PDF Read more... 

36015
Lorenz C., Arena C., Vitale E., Bianchi E., Poggiali G., Alemanno G., Benesperi R., Brucato J.R., Garland S., Helbert J., Loppi S., Lorek A., Maturilli A., Papini A., de Vera J.-P. & Baqué M. (2024): Resilience of Xanthoria parietina under Mars‑like conditions: photosynthesis and oxidative stress response - Planta, 259: 25 [8 p.]

Xanthoria parietina (L.) Th. Fr. is a widespread lichen showing tolerance against air pollutants and UV-radiation. It has been tested under space-like and Mars-like conditions resulting in high recovery performances. Hereby, we aim to assess the mechanisms at the basis of the thalli resilience against multiple space stress factors. Living thalli of X. parietina were exposed to simulated Martian atmospheric conditions (Dark Mars) and UV radiation (Full Mars). Then, we monitored as vitality indicator … URL EndNote Read more... 

36018
Qu M., Duan W. & Chen L. (2024): The role of cryptogams in soil property regulation and vascular plant regeneration: A review - Applied Sciences, 14(1): 2 [15 p.]

Despite their small size, cryptogams (lichen, liverwort, and moss) are important for ecosystem stability. Due to their strong stress resistance, cryptogams often cover extreme environments uninhabitable for vascular plants, which has an important impact on the material cycle and energy flow of various terrestrial ecosystems. In this article, we review and discuss the effects of cryptogams on soil properties (moisture and fertility) and vascular plant regeneration over the past two decades. Cryptogams … URL EndNote PDF Read more... 

36024
Sancho L.G., Aramburu A., Etayo J. & Beltrán-Sanz N. (2024): Floristic similarities between the lichen flora of both sides of the Drake Passage: A biogeographical approach - Journal of Fungi, 10(1): 9 [14 p.]

This paper analyses the lichen flora of Navarino Island (Tierra del Fuego, Cape Horn Region, Chile), identifying species shared with the South Shetland Islands (Antarctic Peninsula). In this common flora, species are grouped by their biogeographic origin (Antarctic–subantarctic endemic, austral, bipolar, and cosmopolitan), their habitat on Navarino Island (coastal, forest, and alpine), their morphotype (crustaceous, foliaceous, fruticulose, and cladonioid), and the substrate from which they were … URL EndNote Read more... 

36029
Kumari K., Kumar V., Nayaka S., Saxena G. & Sanyal I. (2024): Physiological alterations and heavy metal accumulation in the transplanted lichen Pyxine cocoes (Sw.) Nyl. in Lucknow city, Uttar Pradesh - Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 196: 84 [16 p.]

Air pollution has become a major concern due to its detrimental effects on living beings. The present study is aimed at assessing the current status of air pollution in Lucknow city using lichen transplantation technique and assesing its effect on physiology of Pyxine cocoes. The samples of P. cocoes were collected from relatively pollution-free area Malihabad and transplanted in 10 designated sites in five regions for 30 days. Various parameters such as heavy metals, chlorophyll pigments, carotenoid, … URL EndNote PDF Read more... 

36047
Thakur M., Bhardwaj S., Kumar V. & Rodrigo-Comino J. (2024): Lichens as effective bioindicators for monitoring environmental changes: A comprehensive review - Total Environment Advances, 9: 200085 [9 p.]

Lichens, due to their unique biology and sensitivity to contaminants, have emerged as valuable tools for biomonitoring. Their ability to respond to climatic and air quality variations makes them reliable indicators of environmental shifts. This mini review critically evaluates lichen characteristics and their potential as predictive indicators of environmental changes when coupled with precise research methodologies. Our findings highlight lichens as organisms capable of responding to ecological … URL EndNote PDF Read more... 

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