Lichens and their allies past and present. – In: Scott, B.& Mesarich, C. (eds.), Plant relationships. Fungal-plant interactions
The Mycota, 3rd. ed.
5: 133–183. – Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. ISBN13: 978-3-031-16502-3 (eBook 2023 – Cham: Springer N
This chapter gives an overview on (1) lichen-forming fungi, lichen photobionts and peculiarities of lichen symbiosis such as gains and losses of lichenization, species concepts, specificity, morphodemes and morphotype pairs, non-lichen mutualistic fungal interactions with unicellular algae and cyanobacteria and mycophycobioses; (2) the mycobiont–photobiont interface, water relations and gas exchange, mycobiont-derived secondary metabolites and the accumulation of heavy metals or radionuclides; …