Ecological impacts of coastal protection on the vegetation of sandy coasts at the German Baltic Sea coast

Author:
Glueck D., Schiefelbein U. & Schubert H.
Year:
2024
Journal:
Coasts
Pages:
4(2): 437–453
Url:
https://doi.org/10.3390/coasts4020022
thumb
Sand nourishments and groynes as coastal protection measures (CPM) address similar challenges on sandy coasts but take different approaches: while groynes are intended to reduce alongshore sediment transport and erosion, nourishments add new sediment to the system to compensate for erosion. The aim of this study is to compare the ecological effects of such measures on the vegetation. To this end, nutrient analysis and botanical mappings were carried out on a site with installed groynes, a site where sand nourishments are regularly carried out, and a control site without any CPM. In addition to an increase in nutrient availability after the sand nourishment, significant changes in plant species diversity and composition were also measured. The number of higher plants, mosses, and lichen species was lower at the nourishment site. The opposite impacts were observed at the groyne site: an increase in sediment cover by higher plants and mosses and a distinct increase in lichen species. The results suggest that groynes lead to a stabilization of the coastal system and enable dense vegetation growth. In contrast, sand nourishments lead to nutrient input and unstable habitat conditions, attracting certain plant communities but preventing the establishment of ground-covering vegetation. Keywords: sand nourishment; nutrient concentration; biodiversity; dune vegetation.
Id:
36545
Submitter:
zpalice
Post_time:
Tuesday, 11 June 2024 10:48